Emoticons are also called as smileys. It is the pictorial representation of a facial expression using the punctuation marks, numbers and letters, which are usually used to express a person’s feelings or mood. It is an iconic graphic expressing an emotion. It adds color and feelings to a regular text message, thereby enlivening a conversation. It can express a feeling of happiness, sadness, anger, boredom, surprises and many more. The ACII characters are used for creating emoticons with the punctuations resembling an actual facial expression. It was introduces in texting and the emoticons have made variations.

It has been turned to an art in a sense. The most common emoticons are yellow colored circles with the dotted black eyes. The emoticons at present have come a bundles feature with modern mobile phones. With this improvement, mobile phone users can now have other options of sending emoticons than the other traditional ways of using alphanumeric characters to create emoticons or the smileys. With this emoticons or smiley faces, the text messages have become more fun and exciting. They can have better ways of sending the messages with more personalized fashion. One can send a smile to a friend member by using the smiling faces of the emoticons. They can bring joy and laughter with jokes which includes a laughing smiley face. If they simply send an emoticon and it will be understood by anyone who receives it. It has changed the way people communication with each other. It had become intimate and more personal.

History of emoticons:

Emoticons arrived on home desktops along with personal computers. Then the tiny combinations of characters were called smileys. These emoticons are made up of symbols like and peered at us from green or yellow monochrome screens. ASCII emoticons were perfect for these monitors; they were unable to handle extensive graphics, but they could handle devils and angles with ease. This generation of emoticons was designed to look like sideways faces. In languages read from left to right, a colon or some other character indicative of eyes comes is the leftmost part of the glyph. The center of emoticons is something representing a nose, often a hyphen.

On the far right is a mouth, which may be a smiling parenthesis, a gaping letter o or a frowning square bracket. More elaborate emoticons may employ far more characters, merging eventually into the sort of ASCII art that can be more pages in size. Early emoticons turned up on posts on the dial up bulletin boards operated by schools, business, computer clubs or even individuals. As internet accesses become more widely available, emoticon cropped up on newsgroups, the internet wide forums that covered almost any topic. Emoticons soon migrated to emails, which might seem to be their natural environment. There was no authority assigning meaning to emoticons, but users rapidly learned how to interpret the most common ones.

These tiny graphics, also called emoticons, automatically replaced the text a user typed. The collections of emoticons available on these programs become more and more extensive as time passed. Where a user of emoticons might once have been limited to also expressed as and a few variations, they could now use :confused or :unsure or even: penguin: if they liked. Nowadays emoticons are turned on by default on programs like WordPress and Skype. Users who want the old fashioned effect of ASCII based smileys have to reset the programs option.

Emoticons norm and a program that fails to supply them can expect to cause comment by the practice. Today the emoticons collections on any imaginable topic are available to help users to express not only their emotion but also their style. In additional to generic smilies in a variety of colors and styles, there are also collections of dwarfs, aliens, cat, food and anything else a user could imagine. In additional to this emoticon based on popular media like television or movies may be available to the hardcore fans. They have come with us the whole way, helping us to express our feelings, avoid failures of communication and shows how clever we think we are. Hence the emoticons are truly the sign spots of the development of emerging digital culture and to know more click.